Old European Culture: O Pomorzanach 4000 lat temu w Irlandii (nadesłał Jarosław Ornicz)

Niestety ten tekst musicie przeczytać po angielsku, lub jakoś radzić sobie samodzielnie z tłumaczeniem. Przeczytajcie go jednak do końca, bo ręczę wam, że im bliżej końca tym większe wypieki będziecie mieć na twarzach, a serca będą wam bić bardzo szybko.

 

Uczta Scytów

Thanksgiving

When people say „thanksgiving” today, the immediate association is „the day when Americans and Canadians eat roast turkey to celebrate….something”.Americans commonly trace the Thanksgiving holiday to a 1621 celebration at the Plymouth Plantation, where the settlers held a harvest feast for three days after a successful growing season.

The origins of Canadian Thanksgiving are traced to the French settlers who came to New France in the 17th century, who celebrated their successful harvests.

The European settlers in America celebrated the end of harvest because thanksgiving festivals which mark the end of harvest have been celebrated all over Europe probably since the arrival of agriculture.

The word „harvest” comes from the Old English word „hærfest”, meaning „autumn”. It then came to refer to the season for reaping and gathering grain and other grown products.

The harvest season, autumn, begins on the 2nd of August when we find Lughnasadh which is in England known as Lammas, meaning „loaf Mass” and is celebrated on the 1st of August. And the autumn ends on the 5th of November when we find Samhain which is celebrated on the 31 of October and St Martin’s day which is celebrated on the 11th of November.

 

źródło: http://oldeuropeanculture.blogspot.com/2017/11/thanksgiving.html

 

 

The most well known end of harvest festival is St Martin’s day or Martinmas, when people celebrate successful end of agricultural year. Martinmas is celebrated on November 11 each year. This is the time when autumn harvest was completed, autumn wheat seeding was completed, sheep were brought down from the mountain pastures and the annual slaughter of the pigs, which were fattened on acorns, was also done. (An old English saying is „His Martinmas will come as it does to every hog,” meaning „he will get his comeuppance” or „everyone must die”.)

Originally, thanksgiving was celebrated as a day of giving thanks to „Heavenly father” or the „Sky father” for basically not destroying the crops.

As I said already all agricultural societies in Europe had some form of end of harvest festival. Here I would like to talk a bit more about the end of the harvest festivals which used to be celebrated by the ancient Irish and ancient South Baltic Slavs. The links between these two festivals are so striking that they are pointing at a almost certain cultural link between these two people.

In Ireland the end of the harvest period, the end of autumn, was also the end of the year. The mass held to give thanks for the good harvest and the good year, was held on Samhain, Haloween, Irish New Year, which is today celebrated on the 31st of October. But the date of Samhain was originally probably 5th of November, the true mid point between autumn equinox and winter solstice.

Now the God to whom Ancient Irish gave thanks for their harvest was called Crom Cruach, which is another name of Crom Dubh, the old Irish god of agriculture.

The most famous worshiper of Crom Cruiach (Crom Dubh) was Tigernmas, sometimes called Tiernmas, an Irish high king who is said to have ruled Ireland during late Bronze Age.

According to „The Metrical Dindshenchas” Tigernmas and three quoters of his followers died while worshiping Crom Cruaich,  „a cruel deity propitiated with human sacrifice”, on the Magh Slécht (Field of Prostration), on 31 October (Samhain, Halloween), 1413 B.C. His grave there is marked by a standing stone.

What is interesting is that this custom of human sacrifices during thanksgiving could have been brought to Ireland by the people known as Fomorians who according to the ancient Irish annals were the first people to settle Ireland. They came to Ireland at some stage during the 4th millennium bc and brought with them the knowledge of agriculture. They lived in Ireland alone for a while.  But then, after the flood, during the 3rd millennium bc came the people of Partholón who are credited with introducing cattle husbandry, ploughing, cooking, dwellings, trade, and dividing the island in four. But then Partholon and all his people later died of plague leaving Fomorians as the single inhabitants of Ireland again. Then The people of Nemed came, the descendants of the brother of Partholon, and they found Fomorians living in Ireland. They fought the Fomorians under Nemed and won. But after Nemed’s death, Fomorians enslaved Nemed’s people and demanded a heavy tribute: two thirds of their children, grain and cattle. The tribute that Nemedians had to give to Fomorians was exactly the same as the tribute Tigernmas had to give to Crom Dubh. Nemed’s son gathered an army of sixty thousand, rose up against them. After a great slaughter on both sides, only thirty of Nemed’s people escaped in a single ship, scattering to the other parts of the world, leaving again only Fomorians in Ireland. Well actually the Lebor Gabála Érenn says that when the next invaders, the Fir bolg, came then found Ireland empty. But Lebor Gabála Érenn also seems to suggest that Fir bolg and Fomorians were one and the same people. At least Macalister, the translator and editor of the Lebor Gabála Érenn thought that this could be so when he says that:

„The line between the Fir Bolg and the Fomorians is not clearly drawn…”

What is also very interesting is that Fir Bolg are also said to have been the descendants of Nemed who was the descendant of Partholon’s brother. This makes Fomorians and the people of Partholon one and the same people.

więcej u źródła: http://oldeuropeanculture.blogspot.com/2017/11/thanksgiving.html

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